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Essay Writing: Formatting Your References Page

The Monroe College Guide to Essay Writing presents the information necessary to write effective essays.

References Page Setup

NOTE: In APA 7th edition, the Running head is no longer required for student papers.

  • Your references should begin on a new page separate from the text of the essay.

  • Title this page References centered and bolded at the top of the page.

  • All text should be double-spaced just like the rest of your essay.

  • Citations are listed in alphabetical order.

Whichever font you choose, the selected font should be used consistently throughout the entire paper.
View sample citations for online media in various formats on the APA website.

Citation Key & Examples


Citation Key

Your citation needs to show the who, when, what, and where of your source material - in that order.

4 Crucial Elements of a Full APA Citation - Who When What Where



Sample  APA 7th ed. References Page



Apsolon, M. (2011, September 9). Real ghost girl caught on video tape [Video]. YouTube.   

Bernstein, M. (2002). 10 tips on writing the living web. A List Apart: For People Who Make Websites, p. 149.

Calfee, R. C. & Valencia, R. R. (1991). APA guide to preparing manuscripts for journal publication. American
Psychological Association.

Campbell, A. F. (2016, September 12). The truth about undocumented immigrants and taxes. The Atlantic

Funk, R., & Kolln, M. (1998). Introduction. In E. W. Ludlow (Ed.), Understanding English grammar (pp. 1-2).
In The Purdue OWL. Allyn and Bacon.

Hurley, J. (2015). History is what bites: zombies, race, and the limits of biopower in Colson Whitehead's Zone One. Extrapolation56(3), 311+

Inada, K. (1990). A Buddhist response to the nature of human rights. Dickinson College.

Parker-Pope, T. (2008, May 6). Psychiatry handbook linked to drug industry. The New York Times.

Wooldridge, M.B., & Shapka, J. (2012). Playing with technology: Mother-toddler interaction scores lower during
play with electronic toys. 
Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 33(5), 211-218.



Common Sample Reference Citations from the APA

Links to cite it for you:


CiteFast citation generator provides both complete APA Citations and also pre-formatted In-text Citations.

 - KnightCite Citation Service  

KnightCite is an online citation generator service provided by the Hekman Library of Calvin College.

Purdue Owl

The rules of how to use in-text citations and cite anything tricky for MLA or APA papers.‚Äč

Scribber APA Citation Generator

Worldcat (for citing printed books)

Find your book and click on the “cite” tool at the top right of the screen.

Video: Set Up Your References Page (Excelsior OWL)

Format a Hanging Indent in MS Word or Google Docs

Format a Hanging Indent in Microsoft Word

First, select the citation you wish to format.


Next, in Paragraph Toolbar,


(Tiny arrow in corner of toolbar - should generate a Paragraph Tools popout window.)



In PopOut Window, select : Indentation / Special / Hanging / By: 0.5" (important)!

Create a Hanging Indent Capture.PNG

Format a Hanging Indent in Google Docs

First, select the citation you wish to format.


Next, iFormat toolbar, select: 
Align & Indent > Indentation Options > Special > Hanging > By: 0.5"


 Google Docs Hanging Indent Screen Cap