Page Title
Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Essay Writing: Cite a Website

The Monroe College Guide to Essay Writing presents the information necessary to write effective essays.

Cite a YouTube Video, a Website or a Social Media (Twitter, Facebook, etc.) Post

Links to cite it for you:


CiteFast citation generator provides both complete APA Citations and also pre-formatted In-text Citations.

 - KnightCite Citation Service  

KnightCite is an online citation generator service provided by the Hekman Library of Calvin College.

Purdue Owl

The rules of how to use in-text citations and cite anything tricky for MLA or APA papers.‚Äč

Scribber APA Citation Generator

Worldcat (for citing printed books)

Find your book and click on the “cite” tool at the top right of the screen.

Cite a Web Page With No Author

How do you reference a web page that lists no author?

From the APA Style Blog.

When there is no author for a web page, the title moves to the first position of the reference entry:

All 33 Chile miners freed in flawless rescue. (2010, October 13). Retrieved from

Cite in text the first few words of the reference list entry (usually the title) and the year. Use double quotation marks around the title or abbreviated title.: ("All 33 Chile Miners," 2010).

Note: Articles found on the web, like the example above, are not italicized in the reference entry and are not italicized but enclosed in quotations in the in-text citation, just like a newspaper or magazine article.

Reports found on the web would be italicized in the reference list, as in Publication Manual (6th ed.) Examples 31, 32, and 33 on pp. 205–206. They would also be italicized in the in-text citation, just like a book.

Other APA Style Resources

APA Basics LibGuide

APA Formatting  at Purdue OWL (Online Writing Lab) - 

Everything you ever wanted to know about APA formatting (and explained way better than this LibGuide!):


Cite a YouTube Video

Here's the breakdown for citing a YouTube video, according to the APA Style Blog:


Screen Cap of YouTube Video with Full APA 7 Citation and In-text Citations

Full Citation (on References page):

Harvard University. (2019, August 28). Soft robotic gripper for jellyfish [Video]. YouTube. 


Video In-text Citations:

Jpg Transparent Transparent Key Old Fashioned - Skeleton Key Clipart  Transparent PNG - 1024x358 - Free Download on NicePNG (Creator, Year)

Parenthetical citation: (Harvard University, 2019)

Narrative citation:  Harvard University (2019)


General Rules for citing YouTube Videos:

  • Use the name of the account that uploaded the video as the author.
  • If the account did not actually create the work, explain this in the text if it is important for readers to know. 
  • To cite the words of individuals featured in a video, name or describe the individual(s) in your sentence in the text and then provide a parenthetical citation for the video. For example, the Asian Boss video is an interview with the director general of the International Vaccine Institute; you should provide details about who spoke and what they said in the text of the sentence and then cite the video using the parenthetical citation shown.
  • Provide the specific date on which the video was uploaded.

See the APA Style Blog for more info.

Cite a Website

Cite a Website

Citing a Blog Post

If you are quoting or paraphrasing part of a blog post, you should create a reference to that specific post. 

Basically, you need to state:

 - who,

 - when,

 - what, and

 - wherein that order.

skeleton key jpg Lastname, A. (YEAR). Title of article, written like a sentence. Title of Journal or Website. URL 

The elements of the reference are as follows:

Every citation should tell the reader  4 crucial things  IN THE FOLLOWING ORDER:    1. Who wrote this article?    2. When was it written?    3. What is the title of the article/post/ Document?   4. Where did it appear (Journal Title & URL)?

"who": This is usually one or two people but can also be a company name or other type of group author. In the example above, the post was credited to just “Freakonomics” (a screen name for the author or authors of the blog by the same name). If a byline is not evident, look at the beginning or end of the post for wording like “posted by.” If the website or webpage truly does not have an author, substitute the title of the page for the author in the in-text citation and reference list entry.

"when": Blog posts generally provide the year, month, and date. Include these within the parentheses in your reference. If the blog doesn’t give that level of detail, just include the year or year and month, if that’s all you can find. (Note that your in-text citation will include only the year; see the examples below). If no date of publication is provided, use the letters n.d. (which stand for “no date”).

"what": This it the title of the blog post followed by a notation of "[Blog post]." 

"where": Use “Retrieved from” and the URL of the blog post.

Example References

Freakonomics. (2010, October 29). E-ZPass is a life-saver (literally) [Blog post]. Retrieved from

Heasman, B., & Corti, K. (2015, August 18). How to build an echoborg: PhD researcher Kevin Corti featured on the BBC [Blog post]. Retrieved from

Mathis, T. (2015, August 12). What is human systems integration? [Blog post]. Retrieved from

rjlipton. (2015). A fast graph isomorphism algorithm [Blog post]. Retrieved from

The name of the blog itself is not part of the reference, although it's often evident from the URL.

In-Text Citations
As with other APA Style references, the in-text citations will match the author name(s) and the year.

Example In-Text Citations

... according to research on the health effects of the E-ZPass (Freakonomics, 2010).

Heasman and Corti (2015) wrote about an echoborg.

Mathis (2015) stated that...

Dr. Lipton noted two problems (rjlipton, 2015).

Determining Website Authors

It can be confusing to determine who the author of a website or webpage is. Often, the author is a group or agency rather than a particular individual. For example, the author of the position statement cited below is the American Nurses Association. If the website or webpage truly does not have an author, substitute the title of the page for the author in the in-text citation and reference list entry (see this post on missing reference pieces for examples of how to do this).

Determining Website Dates

Online material can be tricky to date properly.

If the date is not apparent at the beginning of the document you’re citing, look at the end.

Some sites place a copyright date for the website at the bottom of every page. Check a few pages on the site; if the identical statement appears on every page, it’s a site-wide footer, so that’s not the date you’re looking for either. 

If no date of publication is provided, use the letters n.d. (which stand for “no date”). 

If multiple dates are provided, use the most recent date on which the content was changed. For example, if the site says the content was first published in 2010 and last updated on August 6, 2016, then use the date 2016 in the in-text citation and reference list.

In-text citation:

The American Nurses Association (2006) issued a position statement insisting that pharmaceutical companies immediately cease using thimerosal as a vaccine preservative.


Citation on References page:

American Nurses Association. (2006). Mercury in vaccines [Position statement].