Defining and Understanding Plagiarism - an important concept in the research and writing process.
From the Plagiarism.org Website:
According to the Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, to "plagiarize" means
In other words, plagiarism is an act of fraud. It involves both stealing someone else's work and lying about it afterward.
All of the following are considered plagiarism:
In order to avoid plagiarism (using others' ideas without giving them credit - not allowed), each source you use in your paper must be cited in two places:
Direct Quote: Dodge (2008) states that "academic success, as measured by GPA, is largely predicated on the number of hours undergraduates invest in their studies" (p. 125).
Paraphrase: Dodge (2008) found that students who study for exams have higher GPAs.
Summary: Students who study for exams have higher GPAs (Dodge, 2008).
More Sample In-Text Citations:
“...Perhaps the greatest tragedy of the 1968 demonstration is the fact that little has changed in the world of sport; in some respects, the situation has worsened,” (Denham, 2005).
Full Citation: (Appears on the References Page)
Hartmann, D. (2003) Race, culture, and the revolt of the Black athlete: The 1968 Olympic protests and their aftermath. University of Chicago Press.
In-text Citation: (Appears in the text of your paper whenever you use the source)
NEW in 7th Edition: According to the APA's most recent guidelines:
This Citation generator provides both complete APA Citations and also pre-formatted In-text Citations.
- KnightCite Citation Service
KnightCite is an online citation generator service provided by the Hekman Library of Calvin College.
- Purdue Owl
The rules of how to use in-text citations and cite anything tricky for MLA or APA papers.
- Scribber APA Citation Generator
- Worldcat (for citing printed books)
Find your book and click on the “cite” tool at the top right of the screen.
When citing sources in the body of your paper, list the author’s last name only (no initials) and the year the information was published.
If you use a direct quote, add the page number to your citation, like this:
(Dodge, 2008, p. 125).
(Author, Date, page number)
Narrative vs Parenthetical In-text citations:
A narrative citation gives the author name as part of the sentence.
A parenthetical citation gives the source information first or last, but not as part of the narrative flow.