Narrative vs Parenthetical In-text citations:
A narrative citation gives the author name as part of the sentence.
A parenthetical citation gives the source information in parentheses - first or last - but not as part of the narrative flow.
Full citation for this source:
Edwards, H. (2017). The Revolt of the Black Athlete: 50th Anniversary Edition. University of Illinois Press.
-- Information is directly quoted, using quotation marks "..." around the cited material.
The source authors are part of the sentence, and the year of publication appears in parentheses next to the author name(s). ---
Note: This example is a direct quote. It is an exact quotation directly from the text of the article. All direct quotes should appear in quotation marks: "...."
Try to keep direct quotes to a minimum in your writing. You need to show that you understand the material from your source by being able to paraphrase and summarize it.
List the author’s last name only (no initials) and the year the information was published, like this:
If you use a direct quote, add the page number to your citation, like this:
(Dodge, 2008, p. 125).
(Author, Date, page number)
Using in-text citations:
Defining and Understanding Plagiarism - an important concept in the research and writing process.
From the Plagiarism.org Website:
According to the Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, to "plagiarize" means
In other words, plagiarism is an act of fraud. It involves both stealing someone else's work and lying about it afterward.
All of the following are considered plagiarism:
Download the In-text Citations presentation (above) for an in-depth look at how to correctly cite your sources in the text of your paper.