When citing sources in the body of your paper, list the author’s last name only (no initials) and the year the information was published, like this:
If you use a direct quote, add the page number to your citation, like this:
(Dodge, 2008, p. 125).
(Author, Date, page number)
Defining and Understanding Plagiarism - an important concept in the research and writing process.
From the Plagiarism.org Website:
According to the Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, to "plagiarize" means
In other words, plagiarism is an act of fraud. It involves both stealing someone else's work and lying about it afterward.
All of the following are considered plagiarism:
CiteFast citation generator provides both complete APA Citations and also pre-formatted In-text Citations.
- KnightCite Citation Service
KnightCite is an online citation generator service provided by the Hekman Library of Calvin College.
- Purdue Owl
The rules of how to use in-text citations and cite anything tricky for MLA or APA papers.
- Scribber APA Citation Generator
- Worldcat (for citing printed books)
Find your book and click on the “cite” tool at the top right of the screen.
Narrative vs Parenthetical In-text citations:
A narrative citation gives the author name as part of the sentence.
A parenthetical citation gives the source information first or last, but not as part of the narrative flow.
Download the In-text Citations presentation (above) for an in-depth look at how to correctly cite your sources in the text of your paper.
Direct Quote: Dodge (2008) states that "academic success, as measured by GPA, is largely predicated on the number of hours undergraduates invest in their studies" (p. 125).
Paraphrase: Dodge (2008) found that students who study for exams have higher GPAs.
Summary: Students who study for exams have higher GPAs (Dodge, 2008).
In order to avoid plagiarism (using others' ideas without giving them credit - not allowed), each source you use in your paper must be cited in two places:
From the APA Style Blog
Format quotations of 40 words or more as block quotations:
id="docs-internal-guid-36d1d7ea-7fff-eb8b-bc43-e7a3b9c84f0b">Do not use quotation marks to enclose a block quotation.
Start a block quotation on a new line and indent the whole block 0.5 in. from the left margin.
Double-space the entire block quotation.
Do not add extra space before or after it.
If there are additional paragraphs within the quotation, indent the first line of each subsequent paragraph an additional 0.5 in.
Either (a) cite the source in parentheses after the quotation’s final punctuation or (b) cite the author and year in the narrative before the quotation and place only the page number in parentheses after the quotation’s final punctuation.
Do not add a period after the closing parenthesis in either case.
(Left margin)►Researchers have studied how people talk to themselves:
(Inset Block paragraph)► Inner speech is a paradoxical phenomenon. It is an experience that is central to many
people’s everyday lives, and yet it presents considerable challenges to any effort to study it scientifically.
Nevertheless, a wide range of methodologies and approaches have combined to shed light on the
subjective experience of inner speech and its cognitive and neural underpinnings. (Alderson-Day
& Fernyhough, 2015, p. 957)
(Left margin)►Those who wish to study the experience of inner speech are thus presented with a unique dilemma.
NEW in 7th Edition: According to the APA's most recent guidelines: