A bibliography is a list of sources on a particular topic. Put together, an annotated bibliography is a list of sources on a topic that offers a summary (or an annotation) for each source.
What is an annotated bibliography?
An annotated bibliography basically an enhanced References page. Like the References page, it is a list of citations (or references) for all the sources (books, articles, documents, etc.) used for your research.
At the end of each citation, you simply add a short paragraph that describes, explains and/or evaluates each source you listed in terms of quality, authority and relevance.
What is included in the summary part (or annotation) of an annotated bibliography?
Your annotation/summary should include the following elements:
(1) a sentence or two that describes the article source (journal article / blog post / book, etc.); purpose (consumer information / academic article / trade and/or marketing, etc.), and audience (general public / trade professionals / educators, etc.);
(2) a brief summary of its content (you may find this within the article abstract);
(3) a sentence at the end of the summary that explains its value to the student. How does this source help to answer your research question? Where does it fit in your paper?
How do I Write an Annotation?
Keep in mind that annotations are supposed to highlight the most important points of a resource. If you’re struggling to keep your annotations short, make sure you’re not getting too specific - if people reading your bibliography want to know more, they can find the work and read it directly.
The following example uses APA style (Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th edition, 2019) for the journal citations:
CiteFast citation generator provides both complete APA Citations and also pre-formatted In-text Citations.
- KnightCite Citation Service
KnightCite is an online citation generator service provided by the Hekman Library of Calvin College.
- Purdue Owl
The rules of how to use in-text citations and cite anything tricky for MLA or APA papers.
- Scribber APA Citation Generator
- Worldcat (for citing printed books)
Find your book and click on the “cite” tool at the top right of the screen.